eye skill and
generosity of spirit,
which Mosinger had
represent the best
for his engagement
for the celebration
of 50-year jubilee
of rule King
become a kingdom.
King Nikola I
Voice of Montenegrins
JUBILEJ 1910 fiftieth 1860-1910 reign of
King Nikola, Andja Kapicic-Dragicevic
Curator Maya Alilovic, by Mary Masters Tonković
Archival records, State
Archives of Montenegro
Central Committee for the celebration of
The artists involved
(Rudolf Mosinger, Dusan Dukic J., Dusan N. Plavsic and prof. Rudolf Valdec)
-Making the album
in 100 copies in
skin fine coat of arms in relief arched - gold plated-and
in the original colors.
-Making the album
in 100 copies
Production of 3000
pieces of album
of Montenegro "-
Postcard - Production 50,000 postcards to
double the fine yellowish svjetlotisku Cartoon
making arm koloriranih 25,000 postcards in the same Cartoon
making arm koloriranih 25,000 postcards in the same Cartoon
"the postal service and stamps":
, "Jubilee 1910":
manual marks Yugoslav
The basic intention is that the authors of this paper provide
clear and concise overview of the works carried out by Rudolf
Mosinger during his practice in Cetinje, as well as those works
which were then ugovorio, and later carried out upon his return to
Zagreb. This need is evidentna because in Montenegro is determined
to fully complete his work, nor is there a clear performances of
all his works and activities. What is more important, often, about
some of his poduhvatima there and oprečna opinion. When it comes
to the grades of some of his works usually make uzgredno and
without some serious criticism that enjoyed scientific
plauzibilnost. At the end of his total work and projects he worked
in Montenegro and Montenegro did not fully known, nor is their
importance clearly determined. Although it is his place and role
of Croatia in the history of art and culture clearly determined
not to repeat that ustručavali a series of assessment, to enhance
its work and enable that one inventivna and universal artistic
personality, which are pokretala raznorodna interest, the
performance of real light.
Key words: photos, svjetlotisak,
svjetlotiskarski Institute, the album, the Committee for the celebration
jubileja, Museum of Arts and Crafts
belongs plejadi artistic creators who have left a significant trace in
Montenegro working on various projects.
role and place of Rudolf Mosingera as well as the results of his work and
interest in Montenegro is not fully determined so far, except that the
uzgredno tretirao his artistic work. On the other hand its importance is fully
determined in his homeland and his work and receive inventivnost smooth vote.
In this context najilustrativnija assessment is that: Few
photographers in the history of Croatian photography who have so courageously
kročili new areas and propitivali borders of their personal and professional
capabilities and opportunities in the middle where they worked as it was
svojedobno did varaždinski and Zagreb photographer and svjetlotiskar Rudolf
Before pređemo creative work of Rudolf Mosingera that has emerged in
Montenegro, or is it worth to mention dedicated and basic biographical
information about this artist and stvaraocu.
Rudolf Mosinger was born in 1865. in Varazdin. During the period from 1885 to
1887.godine at dr.Josefa Szekelyja, one of the most prominent Viennese
ondašnjih photographer, has gained significant fotografsko education.
completion of education, 1889.godine, returns in Varazdin where opens photo
studio, in Kolodvorskoj Street (Bahnhofstrasse), and shortly afterwards and
presence in Rogaška Slatina. For a relatively short time has gained a certain
popularity, so ga ondašnja press as one of the best photographers in his
His former popularity has significantly contributed to work on fotografisanju
archduke Josifa and his accompaniment during the military exercise which was
held 1892.godine in Pečuju.
Mosinger of the archduke won praise for its work, and photos produced were
exhibited in his ateljeu.
After 5 years of work in Varazdin, Rudolf Mosinger moves to Zagreb, where
17.10.1894. begins its work in ateljeu in Ilica no.
next to the atelier who
projektovali architects Honigsberg and Deutsch,
and retains the existing two. Soon, he, after a month, as a co-owner pridržuje
photographer Lavoslav Breyer, who had led the independent photographic studio
in the street, Maria Valeria No.8., And in Ilica No.10.
Firmu named Mosinger and Breyer jointly lead
to 1898.godine. Rudolf Mosinger established 16.12.1898.godine first Croatian
artistic photographic Institute.
The Institute Mosinger arranges a
job for unusual way to tadašnju practice and employs a large number of
auxiliary staff and associates. After razlaza with his partner Mosingerom
Lavoslav Breyer continues to work in Zagreb without a permanent atelier until
1904.godine when leaving profession.
Photos that he worked with still photographers četvoricom debit Zemaljske by
the Government during 1895.godine were exhibited 1896.godine on Milenijumskoj
exhibition in Budapest in the group Art and Arts, Photography section. Tom was
awarded two medals, which are preserved in the
of Arts and Crafts.
the photos were Filmed landscapes, ancient ruins and castles starting from
Veliki Tabor, Varazdin, Krapina, Cesar city, Kostelja etc.
One of these photos showing Mahično near Karlovac, Maja Alilović stands out as
an example of modern composition and themes that are caught spretnim eye that
is sensitive to the topic of photographic acknowledgments and nezahvalnu
Rudolf Mosinger is, by nature prone to the newspaper, his attention to the
aims and kinematografiju so is his name and linked to the emergence of Croatia
Just ten months after the screenings of films Lumiere brothers, in Zagreb,
1896.godine, in the hall of the chariot, organized the first public projection
of living photos why are due Mosinger and Breyer, which they svrstava among
pionire Croatian film industry.
After Zagreb movies are the same organization and returned in Karlovac and
Varaždinu.Vlasnik aparature and movies that were shown was Samuel Hoffmann.
Mosingerovo interest in the film
is not only demonstrirano in this opportunity. Following novitete he founded a
company in the name of his wife Amalije called Monopoly movie R. Mosinger -
Mosinger film. This company was founded in 1917.godine and led ga his sons
William and Lujo, and bavilo imported and distributed the latest film
achievements. Next year in this preduzeću established a studio for film
Mosinger formally abandoned photographic craft 31.12.1889, after razlaza with
Lavoslavom Breyerom and immediately established Svjetlotiskarski Institute
1900.godine. In this institution four years later established a bureau for
Photo studio in Ilica No.8 leads his wife Amalija until 06. 05. 1926. godine.
Mosingerova almost opsesivna tendency toward innovations manifestovana and
through his work Svjetlotiskarskog Institute. So that was an attempt to
promote Croatian artists brought in finasijske trouble and he eventually came
to liquidation Svjetlotiskarkog Institute.
This situation has
tried to solve by his company into dioničarsko society, but the 1912 published
its liquidation. In this case finasijske difficulties were caused by his
poduhvatom on presnimavanju total holdings Strossmayer Gallery. Besides the
photos Mosinger is done and the entire range of equipment, design and
Photos are prepared for the
press and 1909.godine issued in the form of the sales catalogue, which was
made after the model of albums that are izrađivale foreign museum and gallery
institutions. Plays for this catalogue are implemented in time to
najsavršenijoj technique - facsimile gravuri.
And if this deal is technically very successfully carried out, poor sales
catalogues ga led to the mentioned trouble. Yet regardless of all the
difficulties Mosingerov work and preduzetni provided the spirit of his
affection and friendship onovremenog najznačajnijeg artistic authority Isidora
Krsnjavoga, on whose address is mentioned and did sales catalogue.
nothing else Mosinger has often been the subject of commendable reviews that
have Krsnjavi stressed his work and svestranu interest.
Mosinger oprobao in the design and creates a poster for the
which has become an international event. The need for this event worthy of
prezentuje resulted in the appearance of posters who did Mosinger,
1910.godine, but he still maintains a traditional fairs with the character of
Agilan as a photographer has monitored the standards of the time in using
photographic techniques, and has remained consistent and his izlagačkoj
activities. Works mainly albumske, platinotipijske or kromofotografije.
techniques used is noble and the press is well known that at the exhibition
which was held 1911.godine the Salon Ullrich photo exhibitions dobijene such
In addition to the exhibition were represented and svjetlotiskarske
reproductions of works of art.
izlagačkoj activity was recorded as a participant fotografijske International
Exhibition of Croatian Society of Arts which was held 1913.godine the premises
of the Museum of Arts and Crafts, where he izlagalo 59 participants from the
Austro - Hungarian, German, Italy, England and Russia.
Rudolf Mosinger dies 1918. The sanatorijumu in Vienna.
Creative potential, a rich imagination,
skill eye and nobility of spirit which is owned and Mosinger demonstrated in
his work, with exceptional references to his studio owned Zagreb were alone
for themselves the best recommendations for the involvement of Mosingera in
Montenegro, on the occasion of the jubileja 50-and Anniversary of the rule of
King Nicholas and pronouncements of Montenegro Kraljevinom.
it pridamo and opportunities that his Svjetlotiskarski Institute had at their
disposal as well as rich experience, which is owned in fotografisanju, as
portraits and landscape, it is clear that the invitation that he had sent a
sovereign Montenegro's quite natural sequence of a careful selection of the
best personality that would be able to meet the needs of customers in terms of
marking significant jubileja.
Although during his stay in Montenegro Rudolf Mosinger dogovorio more business
for his firm, which, as rekosmo, but was zapala in certain finasijske
troubles, it is difficult to determine how all of these jobs have had an
effect on the improvement or deterioration of material conditions, so we are
here we will not even deal with the time we have to expose all of these jobs
which is Mosinger done in Montenegro.
Rudolf Mosinger the obreo in Cetinje at the end of April 1910.godine.
From the side of the committee for the celebration jubileja was, in addition
to other artists involved in the realization of the celebration.
despite the diverse interests engagement and its main task and the goal was
aimed at portretisanje members vladalačke houses Petrovic-Njegoš. Portrete
which is filmed issued in his svjetlotisarskom bureau in seven luxurious
(for 7 daughters Knjaza Nicholas)
entitled Vladalačka house Petrovic - Njegoš.
When it comes to the album Vladalačka
house Petrovic-Njegoš worth noting that this album release of the committee
for the celebration of 50 anniversary of its ruling royal visočanstva Knjaza
Nicholas I. Distribution of the total tiraža held by the commercial operations
of Nikola Knezevic with Cetinje, which was the depository.
On the basis of preserved data we know that there are two types of albums.
Albums were identical
content and distinguish themselves in inventory. One kind of album she had
imprint on the state coat of arms sheath and the title was printed in the
background. Its price in the sale was
The second album was luksuznije equipped with a leather povezu with
emajliranim ispupčanim state coat of arms urađenim of silver and its selling
price was 50 perpera.
Deluxe edition poklanjano is most important guests,
krunisanim heads, by the master.
existing literature does not match data on tiražu albums, or about tiražu one
or other variations, but one can reliably determine that the album made
simultaneously in Svjetlotiskarskom bureau Rudolf Mosingera. In fact, it is
difficult to find accurate information about tiražima this album, but for us
it is important that the najiscrpnijoj studies on the topic jubileja speaks of
a certain number of copies vantiražnih.
During his practice in Montenegro Mosinger was filmed a series of landscape,
towns and cultural monuments. For this work he was involved by the Central
Committee which was issued on the occasion of the official saopštenje in which
states: The central committee resolved that occasion jubileja, among other
things, made an album of pictures of individual varoši and znatnijih buildings
from Montenegro, and for this purpose dobavio naročitog cunning in this work,
Mr. R. Mosingera from Zagreb, with whom he came in pogodbu, and immediately
starts on time. The Committee was appointed deacon Lučića Costa, who will be
with him at all times be.
The selection of 32 photographs štampao is in the
book of images
from Montenegro, which has released his Svjetlotiskarski
On this occasion demonstrated skills and
experience that has gained slikajući landscapes and buildings by debit
terrestrial government still 1895, and for which he was awarded the
Milenijumskoj exhibition in Budapest 1896.godine. Valid emphasize Skadarskog
panorama of the lake, which was taken from
which he himself Mosinger used for the home side. He did this when a large
number of photographs of which is in
Montenegro saved 175.
these works, as well as in majority Mosingerovih, reflektuje spirit of the
modern tendency in the technique of making, as well as in the overall artistic
utisku, with the seal of osobenosti the author. Used his technical skills and
in these cases and has worked manipulirane photos. With the help hemijskih
izbjeljivača and technique retuša managed to create photographs that are in
the general impression of painting.
Using photographs and motives that is recorded for the album Pictures from
Montenegro Rudolf Mosinger is for the purpose of the committee for the
celebration jubileja and did a series of 25 postcards with motives:
Ulcinja, Bara, Duklje, Rivers
Crnojević, Cetinje, Podgorica, Kolašina, Manastir Ostroga, Plavnice, Virpazara,
monasteries Morače - Svetigora waterfall, bridge near Bioča and at the end of
And these cards were printed in his Svjetlotiskarskom bureau.
Semester at a couple of authors little is known engagement Rudolf Mosingera on
creating a special stamp series that were provided on the occasion jubileja.
Specifically, the proposal by the Metropolitan Mitrofana Bana, Mosinger got
permission to print series of Montenegrin marks with motives which has
approved a special Commission which was charged to select a draft marks.
motives were elected:
Fencing Paje Jovanovića, Wounded Montenegrin Jaroslava Cermak, King Nicholas
on horseback, King Nikola, a bust and Luka Bar with Italijanskom fleets.
It is foreseen that the Brand creation in svjetlotisku in two colors, a box in
one brand in a second color. This plan was not achieved for reasons that were
However, there otisci these marks that are urađeni in fine svjetlotisku,
which in those days was a rarity, in one or two colors, rezani and gear.
These are the marks were 1920.godine exposed and are very rare.
today is poorly known and contributes to better learning works Rudolf
Mosingera regards to another of his activities in Montenegro. Namely his
Svjetlotiskarski Institute is štampao and actions for
Narodnu Royal Bank of
This is the only series of actions by the broadcast National Bank of the
Kingdom of Montenegro in Bar.
Action, which has a nominal
value of 100 perpera in gold, is more battle with motives Barske port and the
old Bar and its value today among kolekcionarima and skripofilima is
exceptional. Total emissions of these actions was the nominal value of
5,000,000 perpera. However otkupljeno was something about 1,500,000 perpera.
Mosinger in Montenegro made some jobs for photographic studio Mosinger.
It is about making vinjeta (12,000 pcs.)
Administration's house as well as the manufacture of seals for the Ministry of
Foreign works and Administration's house.
man was ispostavljen Administration's house, we see that was created and
300. hot calling card
for NJ.V. King.
we see Mosinger not ustručavao that receives and sitnije or less
interesantnije purchase. Perhaps the answer should be sought in finasijskoj
difficult situation in which he has already been zapala his firm. In early
1911. year on their claims of
Croatia vjeresijskoj Bank dd in Zagreb
on which report Maršalat Palace Nj.V.Kralja in Cetinje.
the work on the album Vladalačka house Petrovic Njegoš was awarded a titulom
Crnogorskog court photographers,
which, since then, regularly highlights the poleđinama cardboard which
the end worth emphasize that the Rudolf Mosinger, who is in Montenegro came as
already formed and zapažena stvaralačka and artistic person, behind which is
stojao significant work and awards, left a deep trace in Montenegro in a very
significant moment in its history, culture and art.